Earn $0.52 ma Cashback
What Makes Isotonix® Might-A-Mins® Children's Multivitamins Unique?
It is often difficult to make sure that your kids are maintaining a healthy, well-balanced diet and receiving the proper amount of vitamins and minerals. It can be an even bigger challenge today due to children eating away from home, at school, friend's houses and fast food restaurants. With Market America's Isotonix® Might-A-Mins®, you can provide your children with the proper daily allowances of most vitamins and minerals that are best for them.*
Isotonix Might-A-Mins contains 12 vitamins and 10 essential minerals, along with phytonutrients from a proprietary blend of fruits and vegetables. With this formula your children can enjoy the benefits of fruits and vegetables daily, without them even knowing or complaining about them. Also added to the formula is a special blend of probiotics, which are "good bacteria" essential for proper digestion. Iron has been eliminated from the Might-A-Mins formula due to its potential toxicity, especially for children under six, and also because kids usually get plenty of iron from the foods that they eat.*
Special care has been taken in selecting the proper nutritional ingredients. For example, the beta-carotene contains other naturally occurring carotenoids that include a healthy dose of lutein and zeaxanthin, which are both proven to support healthy vision and promote healthy eyes. The Vitamin E that is included in the formula, d-Alpha tocopheryl succinate, is naturally occurring, and found to be the best source of Vitamin E, when working in coordination with support nutrients.*
When taken as directed, whether your children are three or 10, this formula is a complete nutritional source. Isotonix Might-A-Mins with phytonutrients is the perfect way to fill the nutritional gap that today's lifestyles can create in our children from the types of foods they eat.*
Absorption and efficiency of nutritional supplements are also two important features to examine when selecting a nutritional supplement and Isotonix Might-A-Mins contains both. This supplement is in the form of an isotonic fluid, which ensures that the nutrients are efficiently absorbed. It is usually taken on an empty stomach and when the isotonic fluid enters the body, it is delivered to the small intestine, nutritionally concentrated. Then it is quickly absorbed into the blood stream maximizing the amount used by the body.
Primary Benefits of Isotonix® Might-A-Mins® Children's Multivitamins:
- Supports optimal immune functions
- Supports skeletal health and growth
- Supports healthy teeth and gums
- Supports growth and strength of teeth and bones
- Supports healthy growth and development
- Supports cognitive health and development
- Supports healthy vision and eyes
- Supports a healthy intestinal tract
- Promotes normal digestion
- Supports a healthy heart
- Helps maintain normal blood sugar levels
- Provides antioxidant protection
Key Ingredients Found In Isotonix® Might-A-Mins® Children's Multivitamins :
Vitamin A (Beta-Carotene)
Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin that promotes normal growth and repair of all body tissues. It is part of a group of compounds that include retinol, retinal and beta-carotene. Beta-carotene, also known as pro-vitamin A, is transformed by the body into Vitamin A. It supports skin health (both topically and as an oral supplement), promotes healthy vision, reproduction, and brain development, and promotes normal bone formation. Vitamin A can be found in foods like organ meats (liver and kidney), egg yolks, butter, milk and cod liver oil.
Vitamin B-Complex (Vitamins B1, 2, 3, 6, 5, 8, 12 and Biotin)
The potent combination of Vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, biotin and folic acid makes up the Vitamin B-complex. Most B-vitamins play a critical role as cofactors, or nutrients that assist in chemical reactions, in cellular-energy metabolism. Lack of B-vitamins can cause occasional fatigue, which is why Vitamin B blends are often promoted as energy boosters.
Vitamin B1 functions in carbohydrate metabolism, where it supports the normal conversion of pyruvate to acetyl CoA for entry to the Krebs cycle and subsequent steps to generate ATP. Vitamin B1 also helps maintain nervous system and heart muscle health. Vitamin B2 serves as a co-enzyme, working with other B-vitamins. It supports healthy red blood cell formation and supports the conversion of food into energy as a part of the electron transport chain, which drives cellular energy on the micro-level. Vitamin B3 supports many aspects of energy metabolism and nervous system function. Vitamin B5 promotes many biological reactions, including the production of energy, the catabolism of fatty acids and amino acids, the synthesis of fatty acids, phospholipids, sphingolipids, cholesterol and steroid hormones, and the synthesis of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Vitamin B-6 is a cofactor that supports normal protein and amino acid metabolism and it helps maintain proper fluid balance. It also assists in the maintenance of healthy red and white blood cells. It has been recommended as a nutrient to enhance mental function, specifically mood, and it supports nerve conduction. Vitamin B12 is responsible for maintaining optimum energy levels as it supports the Krebs energy cycle. Biotin supports the normal metabolism of fats, carbohydrates and proteins. Biotin also functions as a critical component of several enzymes involved in energy metabolism. Folic Acid boosts the benefits of B12 supplementation, because they work together in maintaining normal red blood cells. Folic acid supports the normal utilization of amino acids and proteins as well as the construction of the material for DNA and RNA synthesis.
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, is an essential nutrient for humans, and is needed for metabolic reactions in the body. Foods such as oranges, lemons, grapefruit, strawberries, tomatoes, brussel sprouts, peppers and cantaloupes, are good sources of Vitamin C.
Vitamin C is known for its function as one of the key nutritional antioxidants that protect the body from free radicals.Vitamin C promotes the strength of cells and is an essential cofactor for the enzymes involved in the synthesis of collagen. Vitamin C is more commonly known for its roles in immune support, healing, protecting against the effects of stress and promoting iron absorption. The antioxidant function of Vitamin C is performed within the aqueous compartments of the blood and inside cells. Studies have shown that Vitamin C protects plasma lipids from oxidation and also protects DNA and protein from various oxidative processes.
Vitamin D3, also known as cholecalciferol, is different from all other vitamins in human nutrition, because Vitamin D is the only vitamin that is conditional. Vitamin D3 is synthesized in the skin via photochemical reactions using ultraviolet B radiation from sunlight. Vitamin D3 is the principal regulator of calcium homeostasis in the body, which is particularly important in skeletal development and bone mineralization. It is also a prohormone since it has no hormone activity itself, but it is converted to a molecule, which does.
There are very few foods that are natural sources of Vitamin D3. The foods that do contain the vitamin include fatty fish, fish liver oils, and eggs from hens that have been fed Vitamin D. Almost all Vitamin D intake from foods comes from fortified milk products and other foods that have been fortified with Vitamin D, like breakfast cereals. Vitamin D deficiency is distinguished by inadequate mineralization or demineralization of the skeleton. This can lead to osteoporosis.
Vitamin E is one of the most powerful fat-soluble antioxidants in the body, and it helpsprotect cell membranes from free radicals. Vitamin E is an antioxidant that supports the immune system and topical healing. Vitamin E also helps support a healthy heart.The most valuable sources of dietary Vitamin E include vegetable oils, margarine, nuts, seeds, avocados and wheat germ. Safflower oil contains large amount of Vitamin E and corn and soybean oil contain smaller amounts.
Vitamin E is actually a family of related compounds called tocopherols and tocotrienols. Vitamin E is available in a natural or synthetic form. With Vitamin E, the natural form is far more in terms of absorption and retention in the body. The natural form of alpha-tocopherol is known as d-alpha tocopherol, which is what we use in our Isotonix Might-A-Mins.
The most plentiful mineral in the human body is calcium. Only about one percent of the calcium in the body is found in the blood and within cells, which helps support different metabolic processes. It is important to maintain this one percent, because otherwise the body will draw the calcium that is stored in the bones to keep blood and cellular calcium levels within the proper range. The bones constantly release calcium along with other minerals into the circulation, where calcium may play a role in easing mild symptoms of PMS, maintaining normal blood pressure and promoting strong bones.
The most calcium-dense foods are milk products. Other dietary sources of calcium are vegetables such as broccoli, bok choy, kale, collard greens, mustard greens, tofu and sardines with bones. Calcium is cheap, easily available and well tolerated as a supplement. Most people do not consume enough calcium in their diets on a daily basis, so calcium is a highly recommended nutrient supplement.
Chromium is a vital trace mineral that forms part of a compound in the body known as glucose tolerance factor (GTF), which is involved in supporting healthy insulin levels and maintaining blood sugar levels and, possibly, in helping to control appetite. Chromium also promotes normal glucose metabolism and helps maintain healthy levels of cholesterol and other lipids in the blood. There are also claims that it supports weight loss and increases muscle mass. More than 90 percent of American diets do not provide the recommended amount of chromium.
Chromium is found in small amounts in many foods. Food sources of chromium include brewer's yeast, whole-grain cereals, broccoli, prunes, mushrooms, beer, spices, brown sugar, coffee, tea, wine and meat products.
An essential trace mineral in human nutrition, copper, is important for a wide range of biochemical processes, which are necessary for the maintenance of good health.Copper promotes normal infant development, red and white blood cell maturation, iron transport, bone strength, cholesterol metabolism, myocardial contractility, glucose metabolism, brain development and immune function. Copper chaperones are proteins that protect the cells from copper toxicity and essentially keep the cells free of copper ions.Foods that include the richest sources of copper are nuts, seeds, legumes, the bran and germ portions of grains, liver, kidneys, shellfish, oysters and crustaceans.There are experimental indications that suggest that copper supplementation support immune function, for those with copper deficiency.
Iodine, a trace mineral, is primarily concentrated in the thyroid gland. About 80 percent of the body's iodine is found in the thyroid gland. Iodine promotes the normal function of thyroid hormones, which promote normal development and energy metabolism. A moderate deficiency in iodine decreases the production of the thyroid hormones. About 20 percent of the world is iodine deficient. Iodine deficiency can also affect brain health. Recent research has shown that those on vegetarian diets or salt-restricted diets may be at an increased risk of iodine deficiency.
Iodine also is present in the salivary glands, the gastric mucosa and in the lactating mammary gland. Along with iodized salt, fish and sea vegetables are rich sources of iodine. Iodine is also present in animal products such as eggs, milk, meat and poultry, often because most animal feeds are enriched with iodine in industrialized countries.
Magnesium, an essential mineral, functions as a coenzyme to promote normal nerve and muscle function, regulation of body temperature, energy metabolism, DNA and RNA synthesis, and the formation of bones. It can be used as a laxative, to promote head comfort, and to promote bone health. There is preliminary evidence that shows that magnesium may help with PMS symptoms and in maintaining normal blood sugar levels. The majority of the body's magnesium, about 60 percent, is found in the bones. Magnesium is involved in over 300 metabolic reactions, and is necessary for every major biological process. It is an alkaline earth metal and exists under physiological conditions in its divalent state. Magnesium is intimately interlocked, biologically with calcium, and they cooperate in the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). The mineral has been called "nature's" physiological calcium channel blocker because it appears to support the normal regulation of the intracellular flow of calcium ions.
Nearly 75 percent of the American population fails to consume enough magnesium in their diets; therefore supplements may be warranted in some cases, particularly those concerned with bone metabolism. Dietary sources that include magnesium are artichokes, nuts, beans, whole grains and shellfish.
Manganese, an essential trace mineral, is the preferred metal cofactor for glycosyltransferases, which are important in the synthesis of glycoproteins and glycosaminoglycans. Glycoproteins promote the normal synthesis of myelin and clotting factors. Manganese may have some efficacy in promoting bone health and aiding in the reduction of minor symptoms of PMS. The bran of whole grains, nuts, leafy vegetables and teas are the richest dietary sources of manganese.
Selenium functions as an antioxidant enzyme and also promotes normal growth and use of iodine in thyroid function. It supports a healthy immune system. Selenium supports the antioxidant effect of vitamin E, promotes cardiovascular and skin health, supports male fertility and a healthy immune system. Selenium plays a direct role in the body's ability to protect cells from free radicals.It promotes the defense against the toxicity of reactive oxygen species, regulation of the thyroid hormone metabolism and the regulation of the redox state of cells. Selenium also has the ability to detoxify some metals and xenobiotics.
The selenium content of the soil in which plants are grown determines the amount of selenium contained in the food. Good dietary sources of selenium include nuts, unrefined grains, brown rice, wheat germ and seafood.
Silicon is a non-metallic element that is, next to oxygen, the most abundant element in the earth's crust. It is found in plants, animals and most living organisms. Silicon, currently, is not considered a vital nutrient for humans. The dietary intake of silicon in the United States ranges from about 20 to 50 milligrams, daily. Foods that are rich in silicon are cereal products and unrefined grains of high fiber content.
Potassium, in the body, is classified as an electrolyte and is involved in electrical and cellular functions in the body. It promotes the regulation of water balance and levels of acidity, helps maintain blood pressure, and supports normal transmission of nerve impulses, digestion, muscle contraction and heartbeat.
Potassium can be found in foods, which help to maintain the body's internal balance of fluids and chemicals. Some potassium-enriched foods are fruits, vegetables and legumes, which are all commonly recommended for optimal heart health.
Some symptoms of potassium deficiency include poor circulation, bluish tint to skin, head discomfort, sleeping problems, muscle weakness and water retention.
Zinc, a trace mineral, functions as a part of 300 different enzymes in the human body. These enzymes promote normal nucleic acid and protein metabolism, the production of energy, as well as other things. It supports virtually all biochemical pathways and physiological processes.Zinc plays a structural role in the formation of zinc-fingers, which are exploited by transcription factors for interacting with DNA and regulating the activity of genes. The maintenance of the integrity of biological membranes resulting in their protection against oxidation is another structural role. Physiologically, zinc is essential for the support of growth and development, reproduction and sexual maturation, olfactory and gustatory activity, dark vision adaptation, insulin storage and release, and for a variety of immune defenses. Possibly its most popular claim is that is supports the immune system.
Zinc is found in almost all body tissues, but about 60 percent of the body's zinc is stored in the muscles, and 30 percent in the bones. It has antioxidant activities.The antioxidant activity of zinc helps to protect membranes against oxidation by occupying sites that may otherwise contain redox active metals such as iron.
Frequently Asked Questions About Isotonix® Might-A-Mins® Children's Multivitamins:
Why are phytonutrients important?
Recent discoveries have shown that plant-based foods contain a variety of vital compounds in addition to vitamins and minerals that have the potential to support human health. Phytonutrients are plant extracts that have been found to play an important role in helping the body help itself.It has been established that phytonutrients reduce oxidation, counteract environmental pollutants and support a healthy heart. Research has also shown that they naturally help boost the immune system.
What types of phytonutrients are included in Isotonix Might-A-Mins®?
Isotonix Might-A-Mins includes a proprietary blend of phytonutrients which include extracts from apples, broccoli, carrots, cranberries, grapes, kiwi fruit, lemon, limes, oranges, peaches, pineapples, raspberries, spinach, strawberries and tomatoes.
What is the advantage to taking probiotics?
Isotonix Might-A-Mins contains lactobacillus sporogenes, which can help to re-colonize the intestinal tract with naturally occurring good bacteria, which supports good digestion, an ideal pH balance and ongoing colon health.*
Why is an Isotonix® formula better than a standard children's multivitamin?
Isotonix formulas are more effective than standard children's multivitamin formulas because they offer the best way to get the maximum delivery of vitamins and minerals into the bloodstream. Isotonix formulas are also the fastest and most effective ways to receive multivitamins. The stomach has very little work to do because the pH and tonicity are carefully designed to allow the stomach to quickly release all the nutrients into the small intestine. With the Isotonix Might-A-Mins formula, this process takes about five minutes, where a standard vitamin tablet can take up to four hours.
Does Isotonix Might-A-Mins contain artificial ingredients?
Isotonix Might-A-Mins does not contain any artificial sweeteners, such as saccharin or aspartame. Like all other Isotonix products, there are also no artificial preservatives or colors.
Do kids like the taste of Isotonix Might-A-Mins?
Fructose and glucose are used in Isotonix Might-A-Mins, which are both naturally occurring sugars. The sugars are also blended with a delicious, natural Mandarin orange flavor. The vitamins come in a fun, fast and easy-to-prepare powder, which will make your kids look forward to taking their vitamins everyday.
Why do children need to take a multivitamin?
Everyone needs vitamins and minerals, because they help release energy from our food and help build muscle, bone, blood and other vital tissue. Children need vitamins and minerals to maintain good health and normal growth. It is important to ensure that children receive all the vitamins and minerals they need every day, especially during their growing years. The body does not store all essential vitamins and minerals, therefore some need to be supplied on a regular basis through the use of a multivitamin.
Is there a specific time of day that is recommended for taking a multivitamin?
In general, any time of day is fine for taking a multivitamin. However it is good practice to take it at the same time each day to develop a routine.
What are common vitamins and minerals that kids don't get enough of through their diets?
Calcium, zinc and vitamins A, C and E, are some common vitamins and minerals that children generally don't get enough of. Calcium is needed to form growing bones and a proper calcium intake beginning at childhood can help maintain normal bone mass later in life. Zinc is a vital nutrient for proper growth and development. Vitamins A, C and E are also important vitamins during childhood and throughout life.
Scientific Studies Which Support Isotonix® Might-A-Mins® Children's Multivitamins:
- Abrams SA. Bone turnover during lactation--can calcium supplementation make a difference? J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1998 Apr;83(4):1056-8.
- Acott TS, Weleber RG. Vitamin A megatherapy for retinal abnormalities. Nature Med. 1995; 1:884-885
- Agus DB, Gambhir SS, Pardridge WM, et al. Vitamin C crosses the blood-brain barrier in the oxidized form through the glucose transporters. J Clin Invest. 1997; 100:2842-2848.
- Alaejos MS, Romero FJD, Romero CD. Selenium and cancer: some nutritional aspects. Nutrition. 2000; 16:376-383.
- Anderson RA. Effects of chromium on body composition and weight loss. Nutr Rev. 1998 Sep;56(9):266-70.
- Anon. Zinc lozenges reduce cold symptoms. Nutr Rev. 1997; 55:82-88.
- Arlt S, Finckh B, Beisiegel U, Kontush A. Time-course of oxidation of lipids in human cerebrospinal fluid in vitro. Free Radic Res. 2000 Feb;32(2):103-14.
- Barreto ML, Santos LMP, Assis AMO, et al. Effect of vitamin A supplementation on diarrhoea and acute lower-respiratory-tract infections in young children in
- Baxter GF, Sumeray MS, Walker JM. Infant size and magnesium: insights into LIMIT-2 and ISIS-4 from experimental studies. Lancet. 1996; 348:1424-1426.
- Benn CS, Aaby P, Balé C, et al. Randomized trial of effect of vitamin A supplementation on antibody response to measles vaccine in Guinea-Bissau, West Africa. Lancet. 1997; 350:101-105.
- Berg JM, Shi Y. The galvanization of biology: a growing appreciation for the roles of zinc. Science. 1996; 271:1081-1085.
- Bishop N. Rickets today--children still need milk and sunshine (editorial). N Engl J Med. 1999; 341:602-603.
- Brazil. Lancet. 1994; 344:228-231Bates CJ. Vitamin A. Lancet. 1995; 345:31-35.
- Brigelius-Flohe R, Traber MG. Vitamin E: function and metabolism. FASEB J. 1999; 13:1145-1155.
- Bronner F, Pansu D. Nutritional aspects of calcium absorption. J Nutr. 1999; 129:9-12.
- Brun JF, Dieu-Cambrezy C, Charpiat A, Fons C, Fedou C, Micallef JP, Fussellier M, Bardet L, Orsetti A. Serum zinc in highly trained adolescent gymnasts. Biol Trace Elem Res. 1995 Jan-Mar;47(1-3):273-8.
- Buchinger W, Lorenz-Wawschinek O, Semlitsch G, Langsteger W, Binter G, Bonelli RM, Eber O. Thyrotropin and thyroglobulin as an index of optimal iodine intake: correlation with iodine excretion of 39,913 euthyroid patients. Thyroid. 1997 Aug;7(4):593-7.
- Burk RF, ed. Selenium in Biology and Human Health. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag; 1994.
- Burk RF, Levander OA. Selenium. In: Shils ME, Olson JA, Shike M, Ross AC, eds. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. Baltimore, MD: Williams and Wilkins; 1999:265-276.
- Calomme MR, Vandem Berghe DA. Supplementation of calves with stabilized orthosilicic acid. Effect on the Si, Ca, Mg, and P concentrations in serum and the collagen concentration in skin and cartilage. Biol Trace Elem Res. 1997; 56:153-165.
- Carlisle EM. Silicon as a trace nutrient. Sci Total Environ. 1988; 73:95-106.
- Carlisle EM. The nutritional essentiality of silicon. Nutr Rev. 1982; 40:193-198.
- Carrasco N. Iodide transport in the thyroid gland. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1993; 1154:65-82.
- Cooney RV, Franke AA, Hankin JH, Custer LJ, Wilkens LR, Harwood PJ, Le Marchand L. Seasonal variations in plasma micronutrients and antioxidants. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1995 Apr-May;4(3):207-15.
- Copp RP, Wisniewski T, Hentati F, Larnaout A, Ben Hamida M, Kayden HJ. Localization of alpha-tocopherol transfer protein in the brains of patients with ataxia with vitamin E deficiency and other oxidative stress related neurodegenerative disorders. Brain Res. 1999 Mar 20;822(1-2):80-7.
- Davidsson L. Are vegetarians an "at risk group' for iodine deficiency? Br J Nutr. 1999; 81:3-4.
- de Lourdes Lima M, Cruz T, Carreiro Pousada J, et al. The effect of magnesium supplementation in increasing doses on the control of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 1998; 21:682-686.
- De Luca HF, Zierold C. Mechanisms and functions of vitamin D. Nutr Rev. 1998; 56:S4-S10.
- Delange F. Risks and benefits of iodine supplementation. Lancet. 1998; 351:923-924.
- Dietary Reference Intakes For Calcium, Phosphorous, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1997.
- Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorous, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1997
- Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1997.
- Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium and Carotenoids. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press; 2000.
- Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press; 2000.
- Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 2000.
- Donaldson RM Jr, Barreras RF. Intestinal absorption of trace quantities of chromium. J Lab Clin Med. 1966; 68:484-493.
- Dreon DM, Butterfield GE. Vitamin B6 utilization in active and inactive young men. Am J Clin Nutr. 1986 May;43(5):816-24.
- Durlach J, Durlach V, Bac P, et al. Magnesium and therapeutics. Magnes Res. 1994; 7:313-328.
- Eastwood MA. Interaction of dietary antioxidants in vivo: how fruit and vegetables prevent disease? QJM. 1999 Sep;92(9):527-30.
- Enstrom JE, Kanim LE, Klein MA. Vitamin C intake and mortality among a sample of the United States population. Epidemiology. 1992; 3:194-202.
- Fang J, Madhavan S, Alderman MH. Dietary potassium intake and stroke mortality. Stroke. 2000; 31:1532-1537.
- Fell JME, Reynolds AP, Meadows N, et al. Manganese toxicity in children receiving long-term parenteral nutrition. Lancet. 1996; 347:1218-1221.
- Fenech M, Dreosti I, Aitken C. Vitamin-E supplements and their effect on vitamin-E status in blood and genetic damage rate in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Carcinogenesis. 1997 Feb;18(2):359-64.
- Floyd RA. Antioxidants, oxidative stress, and degenerative neurological disorders. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1999 Dec;222(3):236-45.
- Fraser DR. Vitamin D. Lancet. 1995; 345:104-107.
- Glorieux FH, Feldman D, eds. Vitamin D. San Diego, CA: Academic Press; 1997.
- Hadi H, Stoltzfus RJ, Dibley MJ, et al. Vitamin A supplementation selectively improves the linear growth of Indonesian preschool children: results from a randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000; 71:507-513.
- Halliwell B. Antioxidant defence mechanisms: from the beginning to the end (of the beginning). Free Radic Res. 1999 Oct;31(4):261-72.
- Hambridge M. Human zinc deficiency. J Nutr. 2000; 130:1344S-1349S.
- Harris ED. Cellular copper transport and metabolism. Annu Rev Nutr. 2000; 20:291-310.
- Harrison MD, Jones CE. Solioz M, Dameron CT. Intracellular copper routing: the role of copper chaperones. Trends Biochem Sci. 2000; 25:29-32.
- Heaney RP, Dowell MS, Barger-Lux MJ. Absorption of calcium as the carbonate and citrate salts, with some observations on method. Osteoporosis Int. 1999; 9:19-23.
- Heaney RP. Calcium, dairy products and osteoporosis. J Am Coll Nutr. 2000; 19(2 Suppl):83S-99S.
- Heaney RP. Calcium, dairy products and osteoporosis. J Am Coll Nutr. 2000; 19(2 Suppl):83S-99S.
- Hemila H, Douglas RM. Vitamin C and acute respiratory infections. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1999; 3:756-761
- Hendler SS. Micronutrition: vitamins, minerals, and trace elements. In: Newcomer VD, Young EM, eds. Geriatric Dermatology. Clinical Diagnosis and Practical Therapy. New York and Tokyo: Igaku-Shoin; 1989:365-393.
- Hetzel BS, Clugston GA. Iodine. In: Shils ME, Olson JA, Shike M, Ross CA. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease, 9th ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams and Wilkens; 1999:253-264.
- Hetzel BS. Iodine and neuropsychological development. J Nutr. 2000; 130:493S-495S.
- Humphrey JH, Rice AL. Vitamin A supplementation of young infants. Lancet. 2000; 356:422-424.
- Ilich-Ernst JZ, McKenna AA, Badenhop NE, Clairmont AC, Andon MB, Nahhas RW, Goel P, Matkovic V. Iron status, menarche, and calcium supplementation in adolescent girls. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998 Oct;68(4):880-7.
- International Symposium on the Health Effects of Dietary Chromium. J Trace Elem Exp Med. 1999; 12:53-169.
- Iseri LT, French JH. Magnesium: nature's physiologic calcium blocker. Am Heart J. 1984; 108:188-193.
- Jacob RA. Vitamin C In: Shils ME, Olson JA, Shike M, Ross AC, eds. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. 9th ed. Baltimore, MD: William and Wilkins; 1999:467-483.
- Jeejeebhoy KN. The role of chromium in nutrition and therapeutics and as a potential toxin. Nutr Rev. 1999; 57:329-335.
- Kanter M. Free radicals, exercise and antioxidant supplementation. Proc Nutr Soc. 1998 Feb;57(1):9-13.
- Kato S. The function of vitamin D receptor in vitamin D action. J Biochem. 2000; 127:717-722.
- Kayden HJ, Traber M. Absorption, lipoprotein transport and regulation of plasma concentrations of vitamin E in humans. J Lipid Res. 1993; 34:343-358.
- Keen CL, Ensunsa JL, Watson MH, et al. Nutritional aspects of manganese from experimental studies. Neurotoxicol. 1999; 20:213-223.
- Koo WW, Walters JC, Esterlitz J, Levine RJ, Bush AJ, Sibai B. Maternal calcium supplementation and fetal bone mineralization. Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Oct;94(4):577-82.
- Kreiter SR, Schwartz RP, Kirkman HN Jr., et al. Nutritional rickets in African American breast-fed infants. J Pediatr. 2000; 137:153-157.
- Lal H, Pandey R, Aggarwal SK. Vitamin D: non-skeletal actions and effects on growth. Nutr Res. 1999; 19:1683-1718.
- Lee M-O, Han S-Y, Jiang S, et al. Differential effects of retinoic acid on growth and apoptosis in human colon cancer cell lines associated with the induction of retinoic acid receptor beta. Biochem Pharmacol. 2000; 59:485-496.
- Leklem JE, Shultz TD. Increased plasma pyridoxal 5'-phosphate and vitamin B6 in male adolescents after 4500-meter run. Am J Clin Nutr. 1983 Oct;38(4):541-8.
- Lesser GT. Long-term prevention of bone loss. Ann Intern Med. 2000 Jul 4;133(1):72-3.
- Loeper J, Goy-Loeper J, Rozensztajn L, Fragny M. The antiatheromatous action of silicon. Atherosclerosis. 1979; 33:397-408.
- Lukaski HC. Chromium as a supplement. Annu Rev Nutr. 1999; 19:279-302.
- Malloy PJ, Feldman D. Vitamin D resistance. Am J Med. 1999; 106:355-370.
- Martini LA. Magnesium supplementation and bone turnover. Nutr Rev. 1999; 57:227-229.
- McCabe RD, Backarich MA, Srivastava K, Young DB. Potassium inhibits free radical formation. Hypertension. 1994; 24:77-82.
- Merz W. Chromium in human nutrition: a review. J Nutr. 1993; 123:626-633
- Mossad SB, Macknin ML, Medendorp SV, Mason PM. Zinc gluconate lozenges for treating the common cold. Ann Intern Med. 1996; 125:81-88.
- Nagatomo S, Umehara F, Hanada K, et al. Manganese intoxication during total parenteral nutrition: report of two cases and review of the literature. J Neurol Sci. 1999; 162:102-105.
- Nielsen FH. Ultratrace minerals. In: Shils ME, Olson JA, Shike M, Ross AC, eds. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease, 9th ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams and Wilkins; 1999:283-303.
- Oginni LM, Sharp CA, Worsfold M, et al. Healing of rickets after calcium supplementation. Lancet. 1999; 353:296-297.
- Pauling L. Evolution and the need for ascorbic acid. Proc Natl Acad SciUSA. 1970; 67:1643-1648.
- Prasad AS. Zinc deficiency in human subjects. Prog Clin Biol Res. 1983;129:1-33.
- Prasad AS. Zinc deficiency in women, infants and children. J Am Coll Nutr. 1996; 15:113-120. Sazawal S, Black RE, Bhan MK, et al. Zinc supplementation in young children with acute diarrhea in India. N Engl J Med. 1995; 333:839-844.
- Prasad AS. Zinc: the biology and therapeutics of an ion. Ann Intern Med. 1996; 125:142-144.
- Recker RR. Calcium absorption and achlorhydria. N Engl J Med. 1985; 313:70-73.
- Reilly C. Selenium: a new entrant into the functional food arena. Trends Food Sci Technol. 1998; 9:114-118.
- Remer T, Neubert A, Manz F. Increased risk of iodine deficiency with vegetarian's nutrition. Br J Nutr. 1999; 81:45-49.
- Russell RM. The vitamin A spectrum: from deficiency to toxicity. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000; 71:878-884.
- Saari JT, Sahuschke DA. Cardiovascular effects of dietary copper deficiency. Biofactors. 1999; 10:359-375.
- Schmidt K. Antioxidant vitamins and beta-carotene: effects on immunocompetence. Am J Clin Nutr. 1991 Jan;53(1 Suppl):383S-385S.
- Schrauzer GN. Selenomethionine: a review of its nutritional significance, metabolism and toxicity. J Nutr. 2000; 130:1653-1656.
- Semba RD, Muhilal, Scott AL, Natadisastra G, Wirasasmita S, Mele L, Ridwan E, West KP Jr, Sommer A. Depressed immune response to tetanus in children with vitamin A deficiency. J Nutr. 1992 Jan;122(1):101-7.
- Semba RD. Vitamin A, immunity, and infection. Clin Infect Dis. 1994 Sep;19(3):489-99.
- Silva JE. Effects of iodine and iodine-containing compounds on thyroid function. Med Clin North Am. 1985 Sep;69(5):881-98.
- Sinclair AJ, Taylor PB, Lunec J, Girling AJ, Barnett AH. Low plasma ascorbate levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus consuming adequate dietary vitamin C. Diabet Med. 1994 Nov;11(9):893-8.
- Sojka JE. Magnesium supplementation and osteoporosis. Nutr Rev. 1995; 53:71-80.
- Strause L, Saltman P, Glowacki J. The effect of deficiencies of manganese and copper on osteo-induction and on resorption of bone particles in rats. Calcif Tissue Int. 1987; 41:145-150
- Taddei S, Virdis A, Ghiadoni L, et al. Vitamin C improves endothelium-dependent vasodilation by restoring nitric oxide activity in essential hypertension. Circulation. 1998; 97:2222-2229.
- Tannen RL. Effects of potassium on blood pressure control. Ann Intern Med. 1983; 98(part 2):773-780.
- Traber MG, Arai H. Molecular mechanisms of vitamin E transport. Annu Rev Nutr. 1999; 19:343-355.
- Umeta M, West CE, Haidar J, et al. Zinc supplementation and stunted infants in Ethiopia: a randomized controlled trial. Lancet. 2000; 355:2021-2026.
- Underwood BA, Arthur P. The contribution of vitamin A to public health. FASEB J. 1996; 10:1040-1048.
- Verhage AH, Cheong WK, Jeejeebhoy. Neurologic symptoms due to possible chromium deficiency in long-term parenteral nutrition that closely mimic metronidazole-induced syndromes. J Parenter Enter Nutr. 1996; 20:123-127.
- Vieth R. Vitamin D supplementation, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D concentrations and safety. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999; 69:842-856.
- Vincent J. The biochemistry of chromium. J Nutr. 2000; 130:715-718.
- Waggoner DJ, Bartnikas TB, Gitlin JD. The role of copper in neurodegenerative disease. Neurobiology of Disease. 1999; 6:221-230.
- West CE, Rombout JH, van der Zijpp AJ, Sijtsma SR. Vitamin A and immune function. Proc Nutr Soc. 1991 Aug;50(2):251-62.
- West KP Jr, Pokhrel RP, Katz J, et al. Efficacy of vitamin A in reducing preschool child mortality in Nepal. Lancet. 1991; 338:67-71.
- Young DB, Ma G. Vascular protective effects of potassium. Semin Nephrol. 1999; 19:477-486.
*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product(s) is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.